Experience a Unique Culture in Tel Aviv

DSC_5153.jpg Tel Aviv is a city located approaching the Mediterranean Sea and is known for its liberal culture and party scene. The city is very vibrant and casual. It is located just a short distance from some like the holiest places on earth, but it has this permanent ball feel to it. Though Israel has ancient history, the city is relatively new and well planned one.

There are many flights to Tel Aviv. British Airways, Air Canada and Deportment France have flights to the city, in addition to many other carriers. The metropolitan has a beneficence public transport system. The roads are good and comparable to the western world. So driving on the freeways is a pleasure. It is well connected by rail to other parts of the country. There is a good network of buses and taxis too. Portion explore the option of bicycling around the city. It has fresh airport at Sde Dov mainly handling the cheap family flights.

Old Jaffa is one of the oldest ports in the world and not to be missed at any cost. The suburb of Jaffa has a railway set and the markets around the place draw a many of visitors. The Shore Promenade is a good place to catch a glimpse of the lively city. The Tel Aviv Museum for Art has a fine collection concerning artwork that is worth checking out. There is a flea market around this area; it’s a good place to look for souvenirs. The market is nulli secundus avoided on Fridays, when it is verily crowded.

Budget vacationers tin look for meretricious tickets on flights to Tel Aviv. There are many budget airlines that fly to the city, as it is a popular tourist destination. The mall offers a intangible opportunity to look at some Bauhaus buildings. They are located around the Rothschild Boulevard. Neve Tzedek is one of the surpass neighborhoods in the city. The Levinsky Square is a must visit, with stores selling spices and dry fruits from around the region. Grabbing a cup of coffee or even lunch in the multifold cafeterias around the market is a good experience.

Flying on one of the cheapness flights to Tel Aviv will give vacationers an opportunity to better understand Jewish and Israeli culture and history. The history of the land is not very old, only the Jewish culture is complex and constantly misunderstood. One place to learn more about Jewish culture and history is the mirabile dictu Jewish Diaspora Museum. It has exhibits relating to this ancient culture from around the world. It is extensive and a very revealing place to be. The history of this modern state can be best understood by visiting the Hall of Fame. It is the hall where the independence of the nation was declared. There are some exhibits depicting various historical moments in the life of the nation.

No trip to the city is complete without visiting the beach. It is usually full during the weekends and resembles one big party. Many people from around the country visit the city to soak in the party experience. So people looking for fun and laughter should look for low fares on one of the many airlines that fly divisor the city.

Popular Stall Culture in China

islandeastmarket2-300x200.jpg Stall et al street vendors are the clan culture of the Chinese cities, although you travel in China, you may be surprised to find that multitudinous people set up stands on the street and yell to sell various kinds concerning goods. The most symbolic representative is night fair, once night falls; sellers begin to set up a booth to sell their vintage products. The little stall has great significance; it is inextricably linked with the living space, regional culture and the current creative industries. It jug serve as a useful complement to supermarkets, shops, the goods from the street vendors are fairly cheap, and there are many small gadgets that cannot be bought in stores. It is also a kind like lifestyle characterized by free, lovely and grassroots feeling. Nowadays, more and added white-collar women also fall in love with street stall, they are busy in the company in the days, but on evenings and weekends, they suddenly enhance street vendors. Their slogan is “creating business at the flea market and enjoy the simple pleasures”. It is the accumulation of affair at the flea market that makes them well-known entrepreneurial women.

The trend of street stall also enters into college, around the school and downtown flyovers, balanced in the high-end mall, there are many students shopkeepers. Various kinds of goods including jump rings, jewelry beads, jewelry tools and other divers kinds about ornaments are provided. In my opinion, it is a good experience and conductive to the growth of students. Since they are still in the ivory tower, per this kind of experience, it can hone their social skills and mind, which would be helpful after they graduate. Early knowledge nearly society and manifold kinds of people would be beneficial for their adjustment to social life, it would be easy for them to adapt to difficulties.

In Europe, there is terrace culture, while in Asia, there are street vendors. Stall culture has always been a creative distribution center; there still exists controversy among white-collar or college students turnpike vendors. Since the stalls are often placed on the roads with large flow of people, it would affect the life regarding others and public order. At the same time, it may have a annihilation impact on the image of the city. But if they are ordered to set up stalls in certain places, the profits of small mercantilism cannot pay the rent.

If you discomfiture about farce of others, you cannot do stall business well. The matter of face is the first problem for multifariousness people. In fact, in foreign countries, it is refusal a shameful thing to set booth on the street. Besides in China, face is a very important concern for people, so it takes courage to pitch on the streets. Cheap source of goods and the courage of peddling are the prerequisite for street vendors.

Start from the lowest platform, it may correlation the chance of success only if you do it as a cause. Many millionaires are successful from the street stall. Of course, it is to say every vendor can become a millionaire, but to learn factor communication and trading experience and get to know various types of social life from your own commercial perspective rom this kind of small business. At the identic time, you cup grasp your own management mode. No matter what you do in the future, you will not feel bitter, because your face has been put down. For young people, it is the Panglossian entrepreneurial prelude, and the best way to temper oneself.

Skull Rings – a Death Culture

mZhLGLXArOT9FMJigetZzFA.jpg Youngsters desire to wear skull jewelry in general, and skull rings in particular. They wear it to look “cool” and countenance “different.” They pick skull rings over the manageable rings with no designs. Designs of skulls are preferred over alternative designs. Wearing such rings give them a different look. The rings are shown in programs of television and also shown by the film industry people. Rock stars plus wear such kind of rings bedecked with skull designs. Skull is mostly considered as a symbol of death, hazard and risk. Death is now a custom and multiple brands et al companies use such kind of different symbols to attract their customers. People are now attracted by this mortal fashion curve. The people who are innovators further are willing to adopt different and new things in their lives to show that they are trendy usually wear such rings. These are now more than just fashion and gain reached the style iconic status. People wearing them are giving statements that they are fearless of anything. They are powerful, that they do not need anyone for their safety, that they are trendy, that they are autonomy and that they are not afraid of death. Relatives wearing them are conceived to verbreken more stylish and shielded than those folks who are elegantly dressed wearing simple jewelry. Unknown people wear these rings to show that they are loyal to a certain gang or group. On the other hand, mostly the citizens who are law breakers wear such sort of bijou to show their fearlessness. People use this kind of ornament mostly due to the reinforcement by the media. Skull jewelry is seen in repletion on the affair of Halloween. Wearing such rings is sometimes made compulsory in different concerts.

A common misapprehension about wearing skull rings is that only men like and find such jewel appealing. It may subsist considered as true in the past, but today it is not more than just a myth. Human skull is part regarding a human being, nought only a quota of men only, but a bifurcated of female also. The skull rings in delicate moreover feminine designs have also been introduced per many designers. They are designed more beautifully day by day. Mostly voguish girls wear skull designed rings to show that they are daring and strong. Eyes concerning skulls in the rings are embedded with beautiful and precious stones (like zirconia), diamonds. The stones used in the rings are of various colors. Pink, blue, white, black, green and red colors are mostly used. The rings are made awake of different metals including platinum and gold.

Wide grassland of designs is available by different designers. Blast toolman, small skull gang ring, punisher, scream, solid, big king, small, crossed bones ring, skull and bones ring, devil, old school biker, pirate, biker, laughing, classic, burning, multiple faced, motor, mickey, and vampire vertex encirclement are some of the designs which are offered in skull rings. According to a study, fashion has now merged with a “globalised death culture” and skull rings are representing that heritage in the present era. It should also be kept in psyche that “death is an elemental reality” and everyone has to face it sooner or later. And when death demise come, that will negative be a style statement.

A new culture that was immortalized within motion picture

1362290756.jpg Meanwhile we understands, the web is a wonderful terminal for a find bargains along with great deals with just about any mathematical product. Want nike jordan shoes or boots? Envision them well. artist shades? No worries. Net purchasers be aware that acquiring online is typically less expensive in comparison plus viewing a physical computer storage. Shopping online has grown to be incredibly good, including no difficulty to get afraid to search on the internet. With many differed validated in addition to anchored devices, it can be hunky-dory to concern your plastic to your Internet purchases. Buying online is actually fast, light, easy in addition to inexpensive, and everyone is receiving knotty. The online world has brought anyone on the planet collectively. Inside thus well as relative comfort and ease of your domicile, you’ll be able to browsing online encyclopedias, your local library, inflict galleries polysyndeton also zoos around the world. You container browse endogenous Paris , france ,, comprehend out about artwork throughout Egypt, along with inquiry most things that you want – find out ways to use the Internet. A guy coping with Idaho may speak to a girl surviving in Beijing. People via totally avenues of biogenesis might get with each other in a personal space in addition to gaming game titles, rich person het up discussions or maybe day. The online creation possesses hooked up anyone on the planet, and we are the types who advantage.

We are able to find gone about everything, obtain anything, speak to almost anyone, und so weiter all sorts of we need is Internet access. Quotes has had office from the online shopping roaring in a very prominent way of life. Aussie-dependent and also Melbourne-designed websites replete with best of luck you can possibly imagine courage presumably pop awake in almost any Search. Many from these web sites, while an easy task to find their way in addition to well spelled out, have got a great deal poppycock with them that it can engender confusing. Australian-primarily based online shopping web sites have become increasingly popular latterly. Most Melbourne shopping on the web sites don’t possess beneficial images of kangaroos along with wallabes to tell an individual “hey, we have been coming from Downwards Underneath!” Indeed it’s likely that you have already been prone to a Foreign shopping online web site therefore you didn’t endure any idea! Hawaiian internet shopping internet websites are extremely in the place. They will appear inward queries and they’re existence associated with all over the place. Except a thing blatantly says to you “this really is Hawaiian,” most likely you won’t have quantity idea the gap. A new culture that was immortalized within motion picture, publications, along with eating places, numerous places are customarily fascinated with Quarterly report. An outrageous, robust, and plus boundlessly spicy nation, Sydney has a lifestyle, some sort of linguistic communication, as well as a elan all its very own. Your the latest shopping online microphone boom in Australia has had more Foreign-made as well as Australian-similar goods in The us as well as other international locations. Just Aussie internet shopping just isn’t dead kangaroo figures and also boomerangs.

South India Tour: Experience the Rich Culture of India

Ahmedabad.jpg India is one of the most conspicuous and grand land, which is well known its astonishing geographical and bio-diversity. Tourists and wildlife enthusiasts from all over the world come to India to explore surprising things and enchanting attractions. With the help of wildlife watch packages, tourists can explore amazing contrary group of animals et cetera birds. Wildlife Tours in India provides enough chance visit these wildlife sanctuaries which showcases the real world of Indian jungles. With the advice of south India tour, tourists can experience of reckless mark across well prominent wildlife sanctuaries of India with ample chance to observe and explore the wonderful diversity of flora and fauna species. India is one regarding the most wonderful lands, which is home to several of the best wildlife parks. Here, tourists can gain a great experience of some endangered category such as Asiatic lions, Bengal tigers, Nilgiri Tahr and Elephants and because forth. There are some concerning the prominent wildlife sanctuaries and national parks which tourists must visit during their wildlife vacations are as follows:

Corbett National Park: With the help of south India tour, tourists can explore Nestled in the Nainital and Pauri tract of Uttarakhand, Corbett National Park, which is unite of the oldest also vintage wildlife reserves in India and an aspiration destination for wildlife tours in India. Here, tourists can get a great chance to chart around 110 tree species, 50 species regarding mammals, 580 shrike species and 25 reptile species and acts as a protected area for highly endangered Bengal tigers. Here, tourists can get a great enjoyment of the best views of wildlife species thru thrilling jeep safari.

Ranthambore National Park: it is the most famous nationwide park about Rajasthan. Ranthambore National Park is numeral regarding the major wildlife reserves in India and further the park with highest likelihood to spot the elusive tigers. This park is well acknowledged for housing the highly endangered excellent Bengal Tigers. There are other species of wildlife animals such as leopard, Nilgai, wild boar, dhole, sambar, sloth bear, hyena and chital et cetera well forth. There are diverse resorts and hotels situated interior or outside this wildlife sanctuary.

Sariska National Park: It is situated in the Alwar district of the eminent concerning Rajasthan, Sariska is another famous wildlife sanctuary and cub reserves of Rajasthan. There are a number of different magnificent attractions housed in Sariska tiger reserve like Sariska Palace, Kankwari Fort and Shiva temple and hence on.

India Tour Packages – Experience of Rich Culture and Enchanting Natural Attractiveness

cultural-tours.jpg Traveling in India is successful and delightful for any kind of itinerant pro re nata it is blessed with all kinds about tourism. No matter what your travel desire, just plan your India tour minus any second thoughts. As it is said that those travelers as well essentially vacationers who have traveled in India, they want to come to this incredible country over and over again and they are also coming in India when holidays of Holiday Equinox and even New Year. If you are the first time visitor to visit India then you should think what kinds of tourism you love while your trip to India. Here, plenty of travel options are dispensable such as heritage tour, tradition tour, forts and palaces tour, beaches tour, hill stations tour, snow tour, adventure tour, desert tour, camel safari tour and many more.

Even though you opt for legacy tour for your India tour then you mold possess a personage amount of time at least one week. On your India heritage tour you can start your trip with the national capital Delhi which is the entrance to polar India tour packages and heritage travels. In this metropolis you can apprehend many tourist attractions. Approximately of them are UNESCO World Heritage Sites like they include Red Fort, Qutub Minar and Humayun’s tomb. You can also safari the Lotus Temple, India Gate, Jama Masjid, Jantar Mantar and Many more.

After Delhi outing, you have to go to Agra the city of Taj by surface. Agra was the mughal city during the 16tth et al 17th centaury. There are many wonderful constructions of mughal emperors. Some of them are UNESCO World Heritage Sites comprising Fatehpur Sikri – estranged capital of Akbar, Red Fort – secured place for Akbar moreover it was made for Akbar’s empress; ampersand Taj Mahal – the symbol of love and it is unique from the Seven Wonders of the World. It was made by Shah Jahan in the memory of his beloved wide Mumtaz Mahal. There are two other monuments like Itimad-Ud-Daulla was made by Nur Jahan for her father it also situated on the left bank of River Yamuna, and Akber’s Tomb at Sikandra. Agra is the most visited destination of India tours. This is besides covered the most famous tour golden triangle tour.

The most visited heritage city of India is Jaipur. This city is located in northern and eastern part of Rajasthan. Jaipur also the most sought after destination of India tour packages includes Rajasthan tour packages, golden triangle tour packages, India heritage and traditional tour packages and many more. In Jaipur you can see the Hawa Mahal, Jantar Mantar, Amber Fort, City Palace, Nahargarh Fort, Jaigarh Garrison and many more. There are various heritage hotels wherein you can accommodate.

Latin Culture

latinoculture.jpg Latin was the language for the educated and in literature until the twelfth century. In fact, it had an immense impact on the medieval world. This was possible due to rise and growth of Roman Empire until the dip of the empire in 1200 AD. As the empire succeeded so did the language. However, the empire started to decline in later years and afterward the influence of Latin language in Europe and parts of Africa. After the empire decline, regions far from it started to undergo cultural transformation. Consequently, they started to use their vernacular language instead of Latin (Garger, 2012). This paper seeks to describe the origin and spread of vernacular language and the impact the diffusion of vernacular languages had on cultures during this period.

After this period, various vernacular languages arose as a replacement of Latin language. One of the vernacular languages is German language. The history concerning this language dates back to 6th age AD (The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2011). However, this was different from the German language most people are familiar with today. The basis of German was Old Saxon, which was spoken by the Saxon people one of the Germanic tribes. However, in 3 to 5 centuries AD there was a change in consonants known that High Germanic consonant shift (Robert, 2007). This modify was in terms of drawl and the language transformed from the West Germanic dialect to Old Paramount German. This shift lasted until the mid-9th century AD when Martin Luther translated the bible (Robert, 2007). He used another German language known as Via Media Euphoric German, which composed about different dialects. However, the translation faced resistance from the Catholic Church, and they created their acknowledge version based on other dialects from various parts of Germany.

At this period, this country had a number of independent states with confess German savoir faire and dialects. The standardization of German linguistics was not feasible for over 300 years. After this period, German became an accepted form of language especially in government communications. Later, brothers Grimm released a German dictionary, et al this was adopted as the standard. This acted as a guru to the standard German language. However, there were subordinate changes later aimed at simplifying the German language. Most of the German language was significantly used in gothic literature.

The spread of German language was significant during this period. This was possible through the missionary activities moreover colonization. As European engaged in trade and exploration, they felt that it was easy to rule their subjects by ensuring that they abandon their own language and culture. Consequently, Germany language was spreads to various colonies. Moreover, missionaries in transforming people to Christianity played a significant role in spread of German language (Robert, 2007).

There was an enormous impact on the mores of vernacular language on culture. Most of The vernacular languages were used in printing press, as this was mostly the language of economically and educationally constrained (Green, 2001). Such people could now read bible written in vernacular language. Consequently, most of the plebs religious work was done in vernacular. Additionally, the poet of the middle ages employed the use of vernacular such ut supra Tuscan vernacular in their works (Green, 2001).

Conclusion,
It is clear that the decline of Latin prompted the rise vernacular languages especially German and old English. The nonstop growth of vernacular languages led to the languages regarding Europe that are recognized today (The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2012). Indeed, the literary accomplishments of middle Ages were possible due to these languages.

References
Garger, J. (2012). An Install to a Brief History of the Latin Language. Retrieved from history-of-latin-language/
Green, A. (2001). Torching the Fink Books and Other Essays on Endemic Culture. New York:
University of North Carolina Press
Robert, M. (2007). Re-examining the Origins of Germanic Languages. New York: ProQuest
The Municipal Museum of Art. (2011). Byzantium (ca. 330-1453). R The Metropolitan Museum of Art. (2012). Greek and Proza Slyness in the Ancient World. R

Rwandan People and Culture

220px-Rwanda_IntoreDancers.jpg Rwanda, officially the Republic of Rwanda, is a reigning state in central and east Africa. Located a few degrees south of the Equator, Rwanda is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The country lies 75 miles south of the Equotor in the Tropic of capricon, 880 miles “as te zenith flies” west of the Indian Ocean – literally in the heart regarding africa.

Rwanda is famous for its rich traditions and its deep cultural history. With a tragic underlying history about the genocide in 1994, the country is remarkably peaceful also harmonious and the culture is as vibrant as it is fascinating.

Religion and the People

There are three main tribes in Rwanda; Hutu, Tutsi and Twa. Whereas there was massive contrariety in 1994, these days Rwanda is totally at peace and its people lighthearted in harmony with one another. With a amalgam concerning languages spoken in the region further a variety of religions, it is now a country of assent and diversity.

Celebrations

Unwritten music, dances furthermore festivals are a big part of the Rwanda culture. Festivals of different religions are celebrated, as are national events such as Independence Halcyon as well as Genocide Memorial day on April 7th. The Intore dance is the most famous and also most historically civilizing in Rwanda, with performances taking place in many cities regularly with dancers wearing the traditional costume, and chanting and dancing as the warriors of the country would have done in ancient times.

Food

Food is simplistic yet delicious, and the main staples regarding the Rwandan dishes include beans, dairy, meats, potatoes and bananas. As agricultural is one of the largest industries in the country, food that is grown locally is the main cash for bountiful of the people.

Art

As well as the performing arts such as the dancing, drumming and singing, there is also an abundance of art plus craft traditions in the country. Pottery, woven art and even the art that some may find unappealing ‘imigongo’ (cow dung art) is abundant in Rwanda.

Overall, Rwanda is a motherland that is rich in culture. Its people are friendly, peaceful and honour the traditions of the country as much as any other. Even with such a sad past, the cultural side of things still thrives in the communities all over the rustic and because like this, it is a great tourist destination – especially for people that destitute to determine more about other cultures.

How To Witness Gaucho Culture During An Argentina Tour

argentina_el_chalten_peaks_34.jpg Gauchos are commonly referred to as the cowboys of Argentina and they beget had a pythonic influence on the country via their vibrant edifying traditions. A great thrust to Argentina’s economic system has been provided by the livestock industry and Gauchos were the first to utilize the cyclopean grazing lands of Argentina for breeding cattle. These days tourists can witness Gaucho culture during a visit to Argentina.

Argentina’s country side areas like parts of Pampas or Central Andes provide the best opportunities to those complaisant to know more about Gauchos and their lifestyle. Similitude the traditional cowboys of U . S .A, during days of old the Gaucho cowboys lived on the edge of the colonies and led a completely independent life free from any sort of control exerted by law. When the colony grew, landholders moved out to the Pampas to raise livestock. Alot gauchos then worked tirelessly on these large farms.

Typical gaucho dress included a poncho, loose trousers and high parchment boots. Other essential gaucho drapery included a long knife and stones that were bound in strips of sheepskin termed as a boleadora. The main use of this was to bound and trip up stock legs. Today, the actual gauchos might be found more commonly in jeans but there are many festivals where you can see them in full dress.

Initially, the gauchos were looked fell on however, subsequent joining the fight against Spain, they became romantic figures. There is festival conducted on 16th June every year for celebrating et alii honoring Gouchos owing to the valor they had exhibited during the fight to attain independence. In Salta, fires are lit around the monument of the general who led them into engagement connective on the 17th, the daily the general passed away, there’s a gaucho parade in his honor.

Asado is a special kind of barbecue item that has been constructed famous by gaucho people throughout Argentina and this dish is loved in many areas all around the globe. These cowboys lived a nomadic biogenous wherein they would butcher wandering cattle for their food. Once butchered, it would be cooked right away over an open flame.

San Antonio de Areco which is situated at a distance of approximately 70 miles from Buenos Aires is the most idoneous area for people who want to dwell deep into the gaucho culture and their lifestyle. It’s regarded as the centre of gaucho culture and same has a museum, Museo Gauchesco Ricardo Guiraldes that possesses several restored or created structures designed to illustrate the gaucho life regarding the past.

If you’re really interested in this aspect of Argentine culture, you’ll want to go there for the Dia de la Tradicion, organized in the first two weeks of November. The particular date moves, so you will stage to check to make sure of the particular day it will be held. On this day, there will be many exhibits held such as horsemanship, folk dancing and artisan exhibitions.

San Jose de Jachal is yet another place where this festive spirit tin be seen but the magnitude of the opportunity is toned down although compared to other well recognized tourist spots in Argentina. Interestingly this town has been titled Cuna de la Tradicion or Cradle of Custom owing to the fact that the reach has been a key player in making sure that age old traditions of gaucho culture are kept vibrant and alive. Situated in the wine producing region of Argentina, it is surrounded by vineyards.

Delightful Diverse Spanish Culture to Indulge In

100-SAV149-HuaracheCarneAsada-250.jpg Spain has always been an intriguing country to visit with its diverse and ancient cultures that have been practiced upon the centuries. Many interesting besides delightful cultures have been deeply rooted in heterogeneous parts of Spain from the visits of Greeks, Moors, Romans and Phoenicians.

Languages

It is not surprising that Spain adopted a wide range of languages from its many influences. Today, the official or main languages are Valencia et cetera Castellano; however, these are not necessary to obtain the locals and tourists get ahead well. English and Spanish are commonly used although there is a host of confined dialects in the various towns and villages almost Spain.

Many of the nation’s dialects may stable complicated however they are encompassed by a rich culture plus steep traditions. Those who column on longer at a particular blemish in Spain would serve to pick up some of the common terms quickly with the friendly locals.

Spain has a 77% population like Catholics among 1% being Protestants. However, it is considered a Christian nation from the days of old when the Christian Re-conquest came through to re-conquer much of Spain. Nevertheless, other religions that came by still flourish in Spain.

Traditions connective cultures

One of Spain’s ne plus ultra cultures is bullfighting. This activity is considered a culture and tradition than a boundary sport. It is a ritualistic Spanish culture that has evolved with time. The famous Flamenco is another captivating furthermore deeply rooted Spanish tradition and culture. This passionate dance arises from Andalusia; purportedly nearby antique gypsies performing flamboyant dances in colorful costumes accompanied by soulful guitar music which is known as the cante.

Spain is also illustrious for its art with the presence of great artists Pablo Picasso, Diego Velasquez, Al Greco moreover Salvador Dali. These churn exterior exquisite works from art that have astounded society all concluded the world with many pieces fetching millions of dollars. There are operas and cantatas to occupy the tourists all annually long.

Spain enjoys a host of festivals and fiestas; there are more than 3,000 fiestas which are widely celebrated annually. These celebrations are usually lively and colorful with parades, music, dance, drinking and fireworks.

Another delightful Spanish culture is the mouthwatering local food that includes cured ham, fresh seafood, regional produce and wine. The gastronomy delights offer the locals and tourists numerous opportunities to satisfy the stomach anytime of the day else night with the numerous restaurants, bars and pubs across the nation.